Annotated Bibliographies: Definition: a listing and brief description of Annotated Bibliographies:

  • Definition: a listing and brief description of articles, books, or other sources on a given topic.

There are two components in an annotated bibliography:

  • The bibliographical citation, using one of the standard citation systems, such as MLA or APA. We will be using APA.
  • The annotation, a brief description or summary (usually 100 to 250 words) of the contents of the source. I suggest a minimum of 150 words.

See below for revised information from Cornell University found online. How to Prepare an Annotated Bibliography:

  • What Is An Annotated Bibliography?
    • An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph and annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.

ANNOTATIONS VS. ABSTRACTS: Abstracts are the purely descriptive summaries often found at the beginning of scholarly journal articles or in periodical indexes. Annotations are descriptive and critical; they expose the author’s point of view, clarity, and appropriateness of expression, and authority. THE PROCESS: Creating an annotated bibliography calls for the application of a variety of intellectual skills:

  1. Concise exposition
  2. Succinct analysis
  3. Informed library research
  • First, locate and record citations to books, periodicals, and documents that may contain useful information and ideas on your topic. Briefly examine and review the actual items.
  • Then choose those works that provide a variety of perspectives on your topic.  Cite the book, article, or document using the appropriate style.
  • Write a concise annotation that summarizes the central theme and scope of the book or article. Include one or more sentences that (a) evaluate the authority or background of the author, (b) comment on the intended audience, (c) compare or contrast this work with another you have cited, or (d) explain how this work illuminates your bibliography topic.

HELPFUL HINTS: Introduction to the Annotated BibliographyUse a title page for this assignment. 

  1. Rather than use the model of the title on the top line of the model bibliography, please use the same title you are using on your capstone paper.
  2. In other words, the top line should have the title moved to the left and typed in all capital letters:

GENDER AND ONLINE COMMUNICATION:                                                                                                                       1

  1. You do not need the words Running head: on this document at all.
  2. Note that everything is double spaced and not more than that. Each entry is in alphabetical order.
  3. The second and third and fourth and fifth lines of each entry are indented, a hanging indentation.
  4. Use standard APA guidelines for the references.
  5. Read the annotations carefully so you know an evaluation should be included in the bibliography.
  6. A quotation from the text is permitted in an analysis of the annotated bibliography, but you should cite it.
  7. Students, it does not seem possible you can write an effective annotated bibliography until you have read the information in the article or the book

Keep in mind an annotation is usually both an explanation of and an evaluation or critical (positive or negative) commentary of the particular work you used.

  1. Please refer to this model as you create your own document.

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