Genetic History/ Genogram and Interpretation (25 points)
Complete a family history from a client of your choosing. The following form can be found on the AMA website at and is available for use. Please use this form when completing the Family History Assignment. Download this copy to your computer and type in the appropriate information. Use and complete this form thoroughly. Then each student is to go to the website and sign up for the free access. Please be aware that the free access is time limited. Follow the directions on the website. Starting with the paternal and maternal grandparents, construct a genogram of the client’s family using the appropriate symbols and connections. Include a grid explaining the symbols that you have used. Include parental siblings and the client’s siblings. Type a brief 1 – 2 page explanation of the genogram. Provide a narrative of your interpretation of the family history to include the following:
1. Patterns of disease.
2. Opportunities for patient education.
3. Factors complicating your interpretation.
4. Risk Classification.
5. Identify where more information is needed.
6. This is to be written according to the APA guidelines. Use a title page. Attach the grading criteria to the back of your paper.
Genetic History, Genogram and Interpretation Rubric (25 Points)
Client history is complete and the correct form is used
80 to 90 % Client history is completed and non-applicable items are explained
70 to 60% of the client history is completed
50% or more of Client history is completed
Genogram is in the appropriate format and all the criteria is addressed
Genogram is in the appropriate format but has only four (4) of the expected components are included
Genogram is in the appropriate format but there are less than three (3) of the expected components included
Genogram is not in the proper format and the expected components are not included
All five (5) of the criteria are discussed and addressed fully with at least one reference from an acceptable source
Only four (4) of the criteria are discussed and addressed with at least one reference from an acceptable source
Only three (3) criteria are discussed and addressed with at least one reference from an acceptable source
Two (2) or less of the criteria are discussed and addressed. No references are included
100% of the information is very well organized with well-constructed paragraphs
80-90% of the information is organized with well-constructed paragraphs
70-60% of the information is organized with well-constructed paragraphs
Overall, 50% or more of the paper is poorly organized
100% correct APA format.
1 APA format error.
2-3 APA format errors.
4 or more format errors.
Grammar and Spelling
No grammatical, spelling or punctuation errors.
1-2 grammatical, spelling or punctuation errors.
3-4 grammatical, spelling, or punctuation errors.
5-6 grammatical, spelling, or punctuation errors.
Total Points /25
Expert Solution Preview
Family history is an essential tool in the medical field that helps healthcare providers understand patterns of disease, opportunities for patient education, factors complicating interpretation, risk classification, and areas that require more information. As a medical professor, I have created an assignment that involves completing a family history, constructing a genogram, and interpreting the family history. Below are answers to the questions related to this assignment.
Answer: Patterns of disease are essential in understanding the risk factors and possible genetic disorders that may affect a client. The family history assignment provides insight into the client’s family history of illnesses, enabling healthcare providers to identify the patterns of diseases. For instance, if several members of the client’s family have a history of hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, or cancer, this may indicate a high risk of these diseases in the client. Understanding the patterns of disease can help the client and the healthcare provider take preventive measures and develop effective treatment plans.
Answer: Opportunities for patient education refer to areas where medical practitioners can educate their clients on preventive measures, early identification, and management of diseases. Family history can help identify health concerns for specific patients, which then create opportunities to educate them about their risks and management plans. For instance, if a client has a family history of hypertension, healthcare providers can educate them on lifestyle changes such as diet, exercise, and stress management to manage their risks.
Answer: Several factors could complicate the interpretation of a family history, such as incomplete or inadequate data, intergenerational issues, cultural, and language barriers. Family history information that is inaccurate, missing, or misleading may lead to an inadequate interpretation of the patient’s health care needs. In situations where culture plays a significant role in disease patterns, healthcare providers must be culturally sensitive to avoid misinterpretation.
Answer: Risk classification involves assessing the likelihood of a patient developing a specific condition based on their family history. The family history can provide important clues into a patient’s risk of developing particular diseases. For instance, individuals with a family history of breast or ovarian cancer have a higher risk of inheriting BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations, which may increase their likelihood of developing these cancers. Identification of risk classification can help healthcare providers diagnose and refer patients appropriately.
Answer: The family history may not provide all the necessary information needed to diagnose a patient fully. For example, some patients may not have complete knowledge of their family medical history, which may lead to an incomplete family history. Moreover, while the family history can be useful in predicting the likelihood of a patient developing a particular condition, it may not provide information on environmental factors or lifestyle behaviors that also contribute to disease risk. Therefore, more information may be required to complete a holistic diagnosis of a patient.
In conclusion, understanding family history is crucial in evaluating the health care needs of a patient. The family history assignment enables students to develop skills in creating a complete family history, constructing and interpreting a genogram, identifying patterns of disease, risk classification, and opportunities for patient education. By completing this assignment, medical students can appreciate the importance of understanding family history in healthcare practice.