- Provide three example questions, one for each category that can be defined as a structured, semi-structured, and unstructured interview question. Provide a short justification for each choice.
- What are some issues you are likely to encounter with a study that focuses on childhood disease and illness? For example, what ethical and legal issues must you consider, and how can you cope with such issues as retention?
- Describe three techniques, methods, or recommendations you can use to promote retention in a study. Are there some additional personal examples you can lend that might not already be in the course materials? Please share.
The assignment should be between 1500 and 2000 words in length and contain at least two scholarly sources, in addition to the textbook and provided material. Please submit your assignment in one APA formatted document.
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Introduction: As a medical professor, it is important to design assignments and provide feedback to medical college students to ensure that they are well-prepared for their future careers. In this assignment, we will discuss three example questions for structured, semi-structured, and unstructured interviews, issues encountered in a study focusing on childhood disease and illness, and techniques to promote retention in a study.
1. Example Questions for Structured, Semi-Structured, and Unstructured Interviews:
Structured Interview Question: Can you describe your experience working in a hospital setting?
Justification: This question is a clear and specific inquiry that requires a straightforward answer. A structured interview question is ideal to evaluate specific qualifications and requirements.
Semi-Structured Interview Question: What is your opinion on the use of alternative medicine in treating patients, and how do you integrate alternative therapies into your practice?
Justification: This question provides a general topic that the respondent can answer in their own words. The question can be freely adjusted, which makes it semi-structured.
Unstructured Interview Question: Can you tell me about a challenging scenario you encountered in your medical practice and how you overcame it?
Justification: This open-ended question enables an individual to express themselves freely on a topic which inspires them. With no specific prompt, there is freedom to answer the question from a variety of perspectives, which is an hallmark of an unstructured interview question.
2. Issues Encountered with a Study Focusing on Childhood Disease and Illness:
When conducting a study that focuses on childhood disease and illness, there are several issues to consider – both ethical and legal. One issue is informed consent, which is a legal requirement in most medical studies. Since this study focuses on minors, parental consent is required. It is critical that individuals understand the study’s purpose, potential risks and benefits, and confidentiality aspects.
Another issue is retention- studies that concentrate on childhood disease and illness may raise emotional and psychological concerns for individuals involved in the study. Frequent contact and support can assist with participant retention.
Lastly, researchers must consider issues of coercion and involuntary participation. When studying minors, it is imperative to ensure they understand that their involvement in the study is voluntary and stress-free. In some cases, adolescents may face unexpected emotional and psychological stress, so it is essential to provide support throughout the study period.
3. Techniques to promote retention in a study:
The critical element to promote retention is frequent communication – this means keeping participants engaged throughout the research process. Below are some varied techniques to promote participant retention:
1) Ensure flexibility in study schedules to accommodate individual schedules and to encourage consistent study attendance.
2) Provide personalized incentives or recognition to drive involvement such as perks, token gifts, or certificates of appreciation.
3) Make use of motivating materials such as videos or interviews that underscore the importance of participation and the study outcomes.
Personal Example: Researchers can use family participation as a tactic to increase participant retention, especially for a study surveying participants with various disorders. If the family of the participant is highly involved in the study process, they become excited about the possible positive research impacts, which may encourage participants to stay engaged.
To conclude, medical professors must design practical assignments for medical college students that prepare them for their overall career objectives. We illustrated three example questions for structured, semi-structured, and unstructured interviews, highlighted issues encountered in childhood disease and illness-related studies, and outlined techniques to promote retention. By being aware of the challenges and practicing techniques for successful research, we can ensure our medical students leave equipped to take on the challenges of their future careers.
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